Gender-based violence is related to the power imbalance between men and women that is present, to a greater or lesser degree, in all societies. It was recognized as a human rights problem by the United Nations relatively recently. It includes emotional, physical and sexual violence. Sexual violence is the extreme form of gender-based violence, usually accompanied by the other types of violence. Its prevalence is difficult to determine, but it is likely to affect at least one-third of women at some time in their life. It has multiple effects on women's physical and gynaecological health, and these depend greatly on the quality of care that women receive immediately after the assault.
Rape and sexual violence occur in all societies, and cut across all social classes. Estimates of rape perpetration from high-income countries seem to be lower than those from low- and middle-income countries; however, current data make it impossible to confirm this. Women and girls are much more likely to be the victims and men the perpetrators and, in most instances, the perpetrator is known to the victim. Children are particularly vulnerable to sexual abuse, with girls being at greater risk, especially while at school and at home. High rates of child sexual abuse are emerging from the research, with an increasing understanding of the effect of child sexual abuse on later perpetration and victimisation, highlighting the importance of primary prevention for sexual violence to address childhood exposures to violence.
Wizard Video: The Best of Sex and Violence (Big Box VHS)
Sexual violence SV is a serious problem that can have lasting, harmful effects on victims and their family, friends, and communities. The solutions are just as complex as the problem. In order to prevent SV, we must understand and address risk and protective factors at the individual, relational, community, and societal levels. This resource is available in English and Spanish pdf icon [17MB, 48 Pages, ] and can impact individual behaviors and the relationship, family, school, community, and societal factors that influence the risk and protective factors for violence.
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